The results from the 2014 installment of the ICEF i-graduate Agent Barometer – the most comprehensive survey of education agents regarding their perspectives on the international education markets – are in. This is the eighth year in a row the survey has run, providing a wealth of multi-year trend data.
The 2014 survey ran for three weeks during October, with 1,065 agents from 104 countries responding.
The agent respondents
Most (82%) of the agents who took part in the survey are in senior positions (59% are directors/owners, 23% are managers), and most (69%) work in small-sized companies of 10 or fewer agents. The biggest proportion represent between 2 and 20 institutions (35%), but a significant 19% of respondents represent over 100 institutions each.
Close to 4 in 10 (37%) agents said they place between 51 and 200 students in institutions annually, while 32% place less than this and 32% place more. Nearly three-quarters (73%) said they always work with contracts in place with institutions.
The most common type of study for which agents recruit is language courses (70%), with undergraduate and postgraduate right behind with 68% each. Next are university foundation courses (47%), MBA programmes (45%), and secondary/high school (41%). Just over a third of agents said they recruit students for vocational/further education programmes, while 18% recruit for work & study (down from 26.1% in 2013) and 14% recruit for work & travel programmes (down from 17.7% in 2013). Five percent recruit for online learning.
Altogether, the responding agents reported placing 360,065 students in 2014 as opposed to 328,877 for the participants in the 2013 survey.
Looking forward into 2015
Agents think they will refer more students in 2015 compared to 2014 and especially to the following countries: the US (80% indicating they expect to refer “more” in 2015), the UK (74%), Canada (73%), Australia (68%), New Zealand (67%), Ireland (62%), Germany (60%), Malaysia (59%), India (58%) South Korea (56%), UAE (53%), Switzerland (52%), and Spain (51%).
Less than half of agents think they will send more students to China, France, Thailand, Japan, Italy, and Russia in 2015. A full 22% think they will send fewer students to Thailand, followed by Russia (19%), Japan (16%), Malaysia and Singapore (15% each), India and Italy (12% each), and China (11%).
A majority of responding agents indicated they expect to refer more students in 2015 across all levels of study, with undergraduate and MBA programmes expected to be the biggest beneficiaries (84% each) followed closely by postgraduate (81%).
Concerns about study abroad
More than half of agents said that financial difficulties (57%) and difficulties with language (60%) are the main concerns for students and parents pre-departure. Close to half also mentioned personal safety as a concern (48%) and difficulty with accommodation.
Importantly, agents noted far less concern among parents and students about financial difficulties, personal safety, and language difficulties after students had arrived in their destination countries. Concerns about accommodation do not fall as sharply.
Main concerns students and parents have before (dark blue) and after (light blue) departing for international study. Source: 2014 ICEF i-graduate Agent Barometer
Canada considered most difficult in terms of visas
The countries most likely to be cited by agents as having caused visa difficulties are:
- Canada (51%);
- UK (44%);
- US (44%).
By contrast, only 27% mentioned Australia in this regard (compared to a much higher proportion of 43% in 2013), and 12% did for New Zealand.
Key marketing supports for agents
Interestingly, and particularly given an increasing emphasis on online channels in international recruitment, agents continue to place a premium on effective print materials for promotion.
Individual institutional brochures are considered by 53% of responding agents to be “very attractive” promotional materials for institutions, with information seminars for parents and students next (49%), and marketing and visits to local schools/colleges in third at 40%. Agents deemed the least attractive promotional tactic to be giveaways.
Echoing an important finding from previous years’ surveys, fully 78% of responding agents think quick institutional response times to enquiries and applications are “very attractive” for marketing. Agent manuals with fees and information (65%) come in second place. Least attractive is agent training delivered by institutions via the Internet (38%).
Agent perceptions as to most effective marketing services provided by institutions. Source: 2014 ICEF i-graduate Agent Barometer
Perceptions of best countries remain stable
Agents’ perceptions of the best destinations for various programmes are stable in relation to survey results from 2012 and 2013:
- The US continues to be perceived by agents as the best in terms of undergraduate, graduate, and MBA programmes;
- The UK is perceived to be the best in terms of language courses and secondary/high school;
- Australia is perceived to be the best in terms of vocational education.
Traditional markets remain the most popular study abroad destinations
Overall, the top countries agents perceive to be the most attractive for study abroad are the US, Canada, the UK, Australia, Germany, and New Zealand. Singapore and Japan are considered the most attractive “emerging market” destinations.
Perceived overall attractiveness of traditional study destinations among agents by major global region. Source: 2014 ICEF i-graduate Agent Barometer
New insights into how agents work
The 2014 survey featured a number of first-time insights arising from new questions this year, including the following:
- 59% of agents said that at least 20% of their leads come from an online source (e.g., website or social media);
- 55% of agents consider their biggest operational challenge to be managing leads, clients, and student information;
- Excel and custom in-house technology come out the winners as the most important tools for agents in managing their business (23% and 22%, respectively), with Google Docs/Dropbox in third at 19%.
Australia on the upswing, perhaps thanks to visa reforms
When we look at the popularity of destination countries, it’s interesting to note the big drop in agents reporting visa difficulties in association with Australia (27% reported visa hassles in 2014 versus 43% in 2013). Earlier this year we also reported that Australia reversed its three-year enrolment decline in 2013, and that May 2014 data showed continued strengthening in terms of enrolments.
Perhaps not coincidentally, at the end of 2013 the Australian government began easing visa rules for the non-university sector and generally reassuring the international higher education sector that it would receive more attention and support from the government.
Australia aims to host as many as 660,000 students by 2020, with particular focus on Asia as a source region and more emphasis on emerging markets.
An extended Powerpoint report for the 2014 ICEF i-graduate Agent Barometer will be available in January 2015. Please consult the project webpage or contact i-graduate for more information.