fbpx
Market intelligence for international student recruitment from ICEF
10th Nov 2021

Foreign enrolment in German higher education edged upward in 2020/21

Short on time? Here are the highlights:
  • The total number of international students in German universities grew slightly in 2020/21
  • Total numbers were buoyed by increasing enrolments in upper-year courses and remote studies
  • However, the number of commencing students fell by nearly 20% year-over-year

Earlier optimistic forecasts for foreign student numbers in Germany this year have been borne out in the latest Wissenschaft Weltoffen 2021 report from the German Academic Exchange Service (DAAD) and the German Centre for Higher Education Research and Science Studies (DZHW).

Using the 2020/21 winter semester as a benchmark, DAAD reports total enrolment of just under 325,000 at that point. This represents a roughly 1.5% increase year-over-year and total growth of nearly 7.5% from (pre-pandemic) enrolment in 2018/19 through 2020/21. Even with that overall growth, however, the number of students commencements fell by about -20% year-over-year.

Just over seven in ten foreign students in Germany are enrolled in universities, with the remaining 29% studying at a university for applied sciences.

Total foreign enrolment in German higher education, where the green line shows total student numbers and the red line total commencements, 2018/19–2020/21. Source: DAAD

There are a number of factors behind those contrasting trends in total enrolment and commencements, including the impact of COVID-related deferrals over 2020 and 2021, the decline in visa approvals for short-term studies (and a corresponding increase in the number of students pursuing degrees in Germany), and the rising numbers of students studying remotely via online programmes offered by German institutions.

DAAD adds that German higher education institutions have considerably expanded their online study offerings and that the number of first-year international students taking up remote studies from outside of Germany has increased from 14% in 2019 to 24% this year.

Commenting on the latest trends, DAAD President Professor Dr Joybrato Mukherjee said that, "The current figures show that international students continued to trust Germany as a study location, also during the COVID-19 pandemic. In addition to our member institutions’ great commitment, this was due to the fact that higher education institutions have made significant progress with regard to digitisation in the past year. This puts them in an excellent position to compete for the most talented minds around the world, once the coronavirus pandemic is over."

Even so, the decline in commencements will be a concern for German educators, with the overall foreign student population now more heavily weighted in upper-year courses. Without a more dramatic increase in commencements for the upcoming intakes, that current imbalance could create more downward pressure on overall enrolment in the next couple of years as larger numbers of students complete their studies.

Where do students come from?

As the following chart illustrates, Asia remains the largest source region for German higher education and, along with North Africa and the Middle East, the main driver of overall enrolment growth in Germany.

DAAD reports that the leading sending countries for Germany in 2020 were China (about 41,000 students), followed by India (25,000), Syria (15,000), Austria (12,000), and Russia (10,500). Overall, the number of international students in Germany has grown by more than 80% since 2010.

Foreign enrolment in Germany by sending region, 2012–2021. Source: DAAD

For additional background, please see:

Most Recent

  • Demand for study abroad in Australia, Canada, UK already affected by new international education policies Read More
  • International school openings, enrolments, and revenues continue to expand Read More
  • South Korea announces results of annual evaluation of universities and colleges’ international programmes Read More

Most Popular

  • Canada’s foreign enrolment grew by more than 30% in 2022 Read More
  • Measuring cost of study and cost of living across study destinations Read More
  • Recruiting in the Emirates: Big goals, world-class education, and new scholarships Read More

Because you found this article interesting

Demand for study abroad in Australia, Canada, UK already affected by new international education policies New, restrictive policies concerning international students in the UK, Canada, and Australia are already having a significant impact...
Read more
South Korea announces results of annual evaluation of universities and colleges’ international programmes On 8 February 2024, the Korean government announced the results of its annual evaluation of colleges and universities’...
Read more
Australia’s “blueprint for change” for higher education calls for a more diverse and balanced international enrolment After just over a year of consultation and review, 820 written submissions, 180 meetings, and a hotly debated...
Read more
Australian unis brace for risk assessment as visa rejections continue Australia’s education providers continue to grapple with a significant spike in visa rejections. As many as 1 in...
Read more
Former edtech unicorn’s stock price plunges as universities take DIY approach to online learning The edtech giant 2U is experiencing market and financial pressures severe enough that earlier this month it warned...
Read more
Malaysia opens new post-study visa option for degree graduates Effective 1 December 2023, Malaysia introduced a package of new visa settings designed to make it easier for...
Read more
New policies, Erasmus+, and booming tourism boost Spain’s international education sector New government policies in Spain – as well as a changed competitive context in the broader international education...
Read more
Dutch universities detail plan to reduce international enrolment The Dutch government spent most of last year signalling its concern about the rapid growth of international student...
Read more
What are you looking for?
Quick Links